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Recorded Crime - Offenders

National statistics about offenders proceeded against by police

Reference period
2018 - 2019

Key findings

In 2018–19:

  • there were 394,466 offenders proceeded against by police across Australia
  • there was a 3% decrease in the number of offenders since 2017–18
  • the offender rate also decreased by 89 offenders to 1,794 offenders per 100,000 persons
     

Public order offences down to lowest levels since 2008-09

Between 2017-18 and 2018-19 the number of offenders recorded for public order offences decreased by 13%, to 53,560 offenders nationally. This was the lowest number of offenders for this offence since the time series began in 2008–09.

The offender rate also decreased from 284 to 244 offenders per 100,000 persons over the same period.

All public order offence categories decreased since the previous year:

  • Disorderly conduct down 3,302 offenders or 12%
  • Regulated public order offences down 2,623 offenders or 15%
  • Offensive conduct down 2,023 offenders or 13%
     

All states and territories recorded a decrease in this offence division, with the highest in:

  • Northern Territory down 27% or 1,408 offenders
  • Victoria down 14% or 1,463 offenders
  • New South Wales down 13% or 2,093 offenders
     

Offenders with a homicide related principal offence increased to 752 in 2018–19. This was the highest number of offenders recorded in Australia for this offence in eight years and resulted in an offender rate of 3.4 offenders per 100,000 persons. This offender rate has ranged between 3.1 and 3.6 offenders per 100,000 persons over the same eight year period.

Between 2017-18 and 2018–19:

  • Murder increased by 87 offenders (37%)
  • Attempted murder increased by 19 offenders (14%)
     

Male offenders decrease to seven year low

The number and rate of male offenders recorded in Australia decreased to their lowest levels in seven years.

Since 2017–18:

  • offenders decreased 4% to 298,387 male offenders
  • rate of offenders decreased from 2,901 to 2,751 offenders per 100,000 males
     

There were 95,356 female offenders in 2018–19, a rate of 856 offenders per 100,000 females.

Offenders, Australia

There were 394,466 offenders proceeded against by police across Australia in 2018–19.

  • There was a 3% decrease in the number of offenders since 2017–18.
  • The offender rate also decreased by 89 offenders to 1,794 offenders per 100,000 persons. This was the lowest rate in the time series beginning in 2008–09.
     

Principal offence type

The three most common principal offences were:

  • Acts intended to cause injury with 78,530 offenders (20%)
  • Illicit drug offences with 77,074 offenders (20%)
  • Public order offences with 53,560 offenders (14%)
     

These offences have consistently been the most common three principal offences since 2012–13.

Public order offences decreased by 13% (7,677 offenders) since 2017–18, driven by decreases across all jurisdictions with the most from:

  • Northern Territory (down 27% or 1,408 offenders)
  • Victoria (down 14% or 1,463 offenders)
  • New South Wales (down 13% or 2,093 offenders)
     
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Sex

  • Around three-quarters of offenders proceeded against by police were male (76%).
  • The male offender rate was over three times the female offender rate with:
     
    • 2,751 male offenders per 100,000 males
    • 856 female offenders per 100,000 females
       
  • Acts intended to cause injury was the most common principal offence for male offenders (20% or 60,418 offenders).
  • Illicit drug offences was the most common principal offence for female offenders (20% or 19,386 offenders).
     

Age

  • The median age for offenders nationally remained stable at 30 years.
  • Offenders aged between 20 and 24 years accounted for the largest proportion of offenders (16% or 63,015 offenders).
  • The offender rate for persons aged between 15 and 19 years decreased by 302 offenders since 2017–18 to 4,073 offenders per 100,000 persons. This was the largest decrease by age group for offender rates.
  • The offender rate for persons aged between 60 and 64 years was 417 offenders per 100,000 persons in 2018–19. This was the highest rate since the beginning of the time series in 2008–09 when it was at 303 offenders per 100,000 persons.
     

Youth offenders

There were 49,180 youth offenders proceeded against by police in 2018–19, at a rate of 2,045 offenders per 100,000 persons aged between 10 and 17 years. The youth offender rate decreased to the lowest in the time series.

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  1. Youth offenders are persons aged 10 to 17 years. Rate per 100,000 persons aged 10–17 years (see Methodology page).
     

Principal offence type

  • Around one in five youth offenders had a principal offence of acts intended to cause injury, of that 96% were for assault.
  • The number of youth offenders with a principal offence of robbery/extortion increased by 21% to 1,521 offenders.
     

Sex

  • The female youth offender rate was one and a half times higher than the total female offender rate (1,285 per 100,000 females aged between 10 and 17, and 856 per 100,000 females respectively).
  • Almost a third of youth offenders were female (31%), compared with almost a quarter of total female offenders (24%).
  • The male youth offender rate was consistent with the total male offender rate (2,758 per 100,000 males aged between 10 and 17, and 2,751 per 100,000 males respectively).

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander offenders

The number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander offenders (see footnote 1) proceeded against by police in 2018–19 was:

  • 17,336 in Queensland
  • 12,753 in New South Wales
  • 4,743 in the Northern Territory
  • 4,322 in South Australia
  • 312 in the Australian Capital Territory
     

The number of offenders decreased in:

  • the Northern Territory (down 5%)
  • the Australian Capital Territory (down 4%)
  • Queensland (down less than 1%)
     

Acts intended to cause injury was the most common principal offence across all jurisdictions (see footnote 2). 

Sex

Around three-quarters of offenders were male (see footnote 2), this is consistent throughout the time series:

  • 79% in Northern Territory
  • 76% in the Australian Capital Territory
  • 72% in New South Wales
  • 69% in South Australia
  • 67% in Queensland
     

Age

In 2018–19, over a third of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander offenders were aged under 25 years across each state and territory for which data are available:

  • Queensland (44% or 7,695 offenders)
  • New South Wales (42% or 5,341 offenders)
  • Northern Territory (36% or 1,714 offenders)
  • South Australia (33% or 1,445 offenders)
  • Australian Capital Territory (33% or 103 offenders)
     

The mean age of offenders ranged from 29 years for Queensland and New South Wales up to 31 years for both South Australia and the Australian Capital Territory.

Times proceeded against in the last 12 months

The mean number of times Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander offenders were proceeded against were:

  • 2.6 times in New South Wales
  • 2.4 times in Queensland
  • 2.1 times in South Australia
  • 1.9 times in Northern Territory
  • 1.8 times in the Australian Capital Territory
     

Footnotes

1 Data presented in this chapter does not cover the whole Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander offender population, rather it presents information about a subset of offenders, excluding those who were proceeded against via a penalty notice (see Methodology page).

2 For available jurisdictions (see Methodology page).

Police proceedings

Selected states and territories

The number of police proceedings decreased across nearly all the published states and territories (see footnote 1), with the exception of Queensland which increased by 1%.

The total number of police proceedings recorded in 2018–19 were:

  • 230,482 in New South Wales
  • 163,362 in Queensland
  • 114,515 in Victoria
  • 63,855 in South Australia
  • 17,453 in the Northern Territory
  • 15,044 in Tasmania
  • 3,221 in the Australian Capital Territory
     

The most common principal offences proceeded against by police were:

  • Acts intended to cause injury in New South Wales (16%), Victoria (19%) and the Australian Capital Territory (23%)
  • Illicit drug offences in Queensland (25%) and South Australia (33%)
  • Public order offences in Tasmania (22%) and the Northern Territory (42%)
     

Court actions

The majority of police proceedings were court actions across the published states and territories (see footnote 2), with the exception of New South Wales. The proportion of court actions by total proceedings were:

  • 82% in Queensland
  • 77% in the Australian Capital Territory
  • 71% in Victoria
  • 69% in Tasmania
  • 46% in New South Wales
     

The most common principal offences for court proceedings were:

  • Acts intended to cause injury in New South Wales (33%), Victoria (25%), Tasmania (23%) and the Australian Capital Territory (28%)
  • Illicit drug offences in Queensland (25%)
     

Non-court actions

The number of non-court actions decreased across all published (see footnote 2) states and territories.

The most common principal offences for non-court action proceedings were:

  • Public order offences in New South Wales (17%), Victoria (38%), Tasmania (54%) and Queensland (38%)
  • Illicit drug offences in the Australian Capital Territory (30%)
     

Footnotes

1 Data relating to police proceedings for Western Australia are not included in this publication, see Methodology page for further information.

2 Data relating to method of proceeding (court or non-court action) for the Northern Territory and South Australia are not included in this publication, see Methodology page for further information.

New South Wales

There were 122,001 offenders proceeded against by police in New South Wales in 2018-19.

Principal offence type

  • Around a quarter (26%, 31,376) of offenders had a principal offence of acts intended to cause injury, of that 84% were for assault.
  • 14% of offenders had a principal offence that was illicit drug related. Most of these (77%) were for possess and/or use illicit drugs.
  • Sexual assault offenders reached the highest recorded number in the time series (2,415) increasing by 3% since the previous year. This was driven by an increase in non-assaultive sexual offences up 13% (67 offenders).

Sex

  • The male offender rate was 2,688 per 100,000 males, the female offender rate was 797 per 100,000 females.
  • 77% of offenders were male, similar to the national data (76%).
  • Around a quarter of both male (24,126) and female (7,222) offenders had a principal offence of acts intended to cause injury.

Youth offenders

  • There were 17,972 youth offenders in 2018–19.
  • Youth offenders decreased by 10%, compared with 7% nationally.
  • The youth offender rate decreased to the lowest in the time series for New South Wales with 2,372 offenders per 100,000 persons.
  • Around one in five (3,287) youth offenders had a principal offence of acts intended to cause injury.

Police proceedings

  • There were 230,482 police proceedings.
  • 46% of police proceedings were court actions.
  • One in three court actions were for the principal offence of acts intended to cause injury.

Victoria

There were 75,996 offenders proceeded against by police in Victoria in 2018–19.

  • There was a 2% decrease in the number of offenders since the previous year.
  • The offender rate decreased by 55 offenders to 1,331 offenders per 100,000 persons.
     

Principal offence type

  • Around one in five offenders (22%) had a principal offence of assault.
  • Illicit drug offences increased by 9% to 9,385 offenders, mainly due to increases in possess and/or use illicit drugs (up 601 offenders) and manufacture or cultivate illicit drugs (up 147 offenders).
  • Public order offences decreased by 14% (or 1,463 offenders).

Sex

  • 79% of offenders were male, compared with 76% nationally.
  • The male offender rate was almost four times the female offender rate with 2,121 male offenders per 100,000 males and 564 female offenders per 100,000 females.
  • Acts intended to cause injury was the most common principal offence for male offenders (23%), while theft was the most common principal offence for female offenders (23%).

Youth offenders

  • Youth offenders decreased by 2% to 8,182 offenders between 2017–18 and 2018–19.
  • This was the lowest number since the beginning of the time series in 2008–09.
  • Almost a quarter (23%) of youth offenders had a principal offence of acts intended to cause injury.

Police proceedings

  • There were 114,515 police proceedings.
  • 71% (81,505) of police proceedings were court actions.
  • A quarter of court actions (25%) were for the principal offence of acts intended to cause injury.
  • More than one in three non-court actions (38%) were for a principal offence that was public order related.

Queensland

There were 89,501 offenders proceeded against by police in Queensland in 2018-19.

  • There was a less than 1% decrease in the number of offenders since 2017–18.
  • The offender rate also decreased by 55 offenders to 2,035 offenders per 100,000 persons.
     

Principal offence type

  • Around a quarter (26%) of offenders had a principal offence that was illicit drug related, of these 68% were for possess and/or use illicit drugs.
  • Public order offences decreased by 8% since 2017–18, to reach the lowest levels (13,925 offenders) since the beginning of the time series in 2008–09.
  • The number of offenders with a principal offence of robbery/extortion increased by 12% in 2018–19, to its highest levels for the time series (1,115 offenders).

Sex

  • 74% of offenders were male, compared with 76% nationally.
  • The male offender rate was almost three times the female offender rate with 3,049 male offenders per 100,000 males and 1,053 female offenders per 100,000 females.
  • Around one in four male offenders (25%) and female offenders (28%) had a principal offence that was illicit drug related.

Youth offenders

  • There were 11,699 youth offenders.
  • Youth offenders decreased by 169 offenders to the lowest rate since the beginning of the time series (2,259 youth offenders per 100,000).
  • Almost one in five youth offenders (19%) had a principal offence of theft.

Police proceedings

  • There were 163,362 police proceedings.
  • 82% (134,449) of police proceedings were court actions.
  • A quarter (25%) of court action proceedings were for an illicit drug related principal offence.

South Australia

There were 44,586 offenders proceeded against by police in South Australia in 2018–19.

    Principal offence type

    • 6,341 (14%) offenders had a principal offence of assault.
    • More than one in three offenders had a principal offence that was illicit drug related (15,486), 64% of illicit drug offences were for possess and/or use illicit drugs.

    Sex

    • The male offender rate was 4,473 per 100,000 males, the female offender rate was 1,359 per 100,000 females.
    • 76% of offenders were male, in line with the national total of 76%.
    • Just over a third of male (34%) and female offenders (38%) had a principal offence that was illicit drug related.

    Youth offenders

    • There were 3,368 youth offenders.
    • Youth offenders decreased by 11% since 2017-18, compared with 7% nationally, to the lowest number of youth offenders for South Australia since the time series began in 2008–09.
    • Almost one in five (19%) youth offenders had a principal offence of acts intended to cause injury.

    Western Australia

    There were 39,415 offenders proceeded against in Western Australia in 2018–19.

      Principal offence type

      • More than a fifth (22%) of offenders had a principal offence that was illicit drug related, the majority of the illicit drug offences were possess and/or use illicit drugs (58%).
      • Homicide and related offences increased by 46% (37 offenders), driven by an increase in offenders proceeded against by police for murder.

      Sex

      • The male offender rate was 2,536 per 100,000 males, the female offender rate was 942 per 100,000 females.
      • 72% of offenders were male, compared with the national total of 76%.
      • Over one in five male offenders (22%) and female offenders (23%) had a principal offence that was illicit drug related.

      Youth offenders

      • There were 5,989 youth offenders.
      • Youth offenders decreased by 9% since 2017-18, compared with 7% nationally.
      • The youth offender rate was 2,349 offenders per 100,000 persons which was the lowest rate in the time series.
      • Almost a fifth of youth offenders had a principal offence of theft, compared with more than a tenth for the total Western Australia offender population.

      Tasmania

      There were 9,614 offenders proceeded against by police in Tasmania in 2018-19.

      • There was a 5% decrease in the number of offenders since 2017–18.
      • The offender rate also decreased by 144 offenders since 2017–18 to 2,045 offenders per 100,000 persons.

        Principal offence type

        • Around a quarter of offenders (26%) had a principal offence that was public order related.
        • More than one in five offenders (21%) had a principal offence of assault, similar to 18% nationally.
        • Illicit drug related principal offences decreased by 18% (or 240 offenders) since 2017-18, due to decreases in deal or traffic in illicit drugs (down 119 offenders) and manufacture or cultivate illicit drugs (down 80 offenders).

        Sex

        • 78% of offenders were male.
        • Since 2017–18 the male offender rate decreased by 191 offenders to 3,233 per 100,000 males and the female offender rate decreased by 97 offenders to 894 per 100,000 females.
        • Public order offences was the most common principal offence for male offenders (26%), while acts intended to cause injury was the most common principal offence for female offenders (25%).

        Youth offenders

        • There were 906 youth offenders.
        • Youth offenders decreased by 14% since 2017–18, to the lowest number since the time series began in 2008–09.
        • More than one in five (22%) youth offenders had a principal offence of acts intended to cause injury.

        Police proceedings

        • There were 15,044 police proceedings.
        • 69% of police proceedings were court actions.
        • Less than a quarter (23%) of court actions were for the principal offence of acts intended to cause injury.

        Northern Territory

        There were 10,871 offenders proceeded against by police in the Northern Territory in 2018–19.

        • There was a 13% decrease in the number of offenders since 2017–18.
        • The offender rate also decreased by 768 offenders since 2017–18 to 5,192 offenders per 100,000 persons.

          Principal offence type

          • Public order offences decreased by 27% (or 1,408 offenders) since 2017–18.
          • Despite this decrease, public order offences remained the most common principal offence (35% or 3,814 offenders).
          • A quarter of offenders (25%) had a principal offence of assault.

          Sex

          • 71% of offenders were male.
          • The male offender rate was over twice the female offender rate, with 7,153 offenders per 100,000 males and 3,066 offenders per 100,000 females.
          • Around a third of the male offenders (30%) and almost half of the female offenders (49%) had a principal offence that was public order related.

          Youth offenders

          • There were 765 youth offenders in 2018–19.
          • Youth offenders increased by 6% since 2017-18, compared with a 7% decrease nationally.
          • More than one in three (36%) youth offenders had a principal offence of unlawful entry with intent.

          Police proceedings

          • There were 17,453 police proceedings.
          • 42% of police proceedings were for public order offences.

          Australian Capital Territory

          There were 2,477 offenders recorded in the Australian Capital Territory in 2018–19. The Australian Capital Territory made up less than one percent of all offenders nationally.

            Principal offence type

            • Around a quarter (26%) of offenders had a principal offence of assault.
            • One in seven offenders had a principal offence that was illicit drug related. Illicit drug offenders decreased by 30% since 2017–18.

            Sex

            • The male offender rate was 1,075 per 100,000 males, the female offender rate was 287 per 100,000 females.
            • 78% of offenders were male, comparable with the national total of 76%.

            Youth offenders

            • There were 301 youth offenders.
            • Youth offenders decreased by 6% since 2017–18, compared with 7% nationally.
            • The youth offender rate was 792 offenders per 100,000 persons, which was the lowest rate since the time series began in 2008–09.
            • One in four (79 offenders) had a principal offence of acts intended to cause injury.

            Police proceedings

            • There were 3,221 police proceedings.
            • 77% (2,471) of police proceedings were court actions.
            • More than one in four court actions were for acts intended to cause injury.

            Experimental family and domestic violence statistics

            Around one in five offenders proceeded against by police had at least one Family and Domestic Violence (FDV) related offence (see footnote 1) in 2018–19. This was the case across all states for which FDV data were available (see footnote 2), with the exception of Queensland (see footnote 3) and Tasmania (see footnote 4).

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            1. Data is not available from South Australia. Comparability with other states and territories may be affected by differences in legislation, reporting behaviour, police operational procedures or data availability.
            2. Tasmanian data relate only to court actions against a partner/spouse/husband/wife (including former) or boyfriend/girlfriend (including ex-boyfriend/girlfriend) (see Methodology page).

               

            Sex

            • The proportion of male FDV-related offenders ranged from 79% in New South Wales to 84% in Victoria.
            • Male offenders were proceeded against for FDV-related offences around four to five times more than female offenders.
               

            Age

            The median age was higher for offenders proceeded against for an FDV-related offence compared with the median age of the total offender population in most jurisdictions (except for the Northern Territory where the median age was the same). For example, the median age for FDV offenders in New South Wales was 33 years, 4 years older than the median age of the total New South Wales offender population.

            Principal offence type

            The most common FDV-related principal offence was acts intended to cause injury except in Queensland (see footnote 3), ranging from 49% of FDV offenders in Western Australia to 79% in New South Wales.

            The most common FDV-related principal offence in Queensland (see footnote 3) was breach of violence and non-violence orders (68%).

            ​​​​​​​States and territories

            The number of offenders proceeded against for at least one FDV-related offence in 2018–19 were:

            • 26,209 in New South Wales
            • 16,210 in Victoria
            • 13,136 in Queensland
            • 7,636 in Western Australia
            • 2,672 in the Northern Territory
            • 1,321 in Tasmania
            • 554 in the Australian Capital Territory
               

            New South Wales

            • More than one in five offenders proceeded against by police in New South Wales had at least one FDV-related offence (22%).
            • There were 373 FDV offenders per 100,000 persons.
            • The majority of FDV offenders in New South Wales:
               
              • had a principal offence of acts intended to cause injury (79%)
              • were male (79%)
              • were proceeded against once in the year (81%)
                 
            • The male offender rate was almost four times higher than the female offender rate with:
               
              • 595 male FDV offenders per 100,000 males
              • 156 female FDV offenders per 100,000 females
                 
            • There was an 8% increase in the number of offenders with an FDV-related offence since 2017–18 (up 1,884 offenders).
            • There were 33,543 FDV-related police proceedings.
               

            Victoria

            • More than one in five offenders proceeded against by police in Victoria had at least one FDV-related offence (21%).
            • There was a 2% increase in the number of offenders with an FDV-related offence since 2017–18 (up 387 offenders) but the rate remained consistent at 284 FDV offenders per 100,000 persons.
            • The majority of FDV offenders in Victoria:
               
              • had a principal offence of acts intended to cause injury (58%)
              • were male (84%)
              • were proceeded against once in the year (77%)
                 
            • The male offender rate was over five times higher than the female offender rate with:
               
              • 481 male FDV offenders per 100,000 males
              • 92 female FDV offenders per 100,000 females
                 
            • There were 21,937 FDV-related police proceedings.
               

            Queensland

            • There were 299 FDV offenders per 100,000 persons in Queensland. (see footnote 3)
            • The majority of FDV offenders in Queensland:
               
              • had a principal offence of breach of violence and non-violence orders (68%)
              • were male (82%)
              • were proceeded against once in the year (74%)
                 
            • The male offender rate was almost five times higher than the female offender rate with:
               
              • 500 male FDV offenders per 100,000 males
              • 103 female FDV offenders per 100,000 females
                 
            • There were 18,074 FDV-related police proceedings.
               

            Western Australia

            • Almost one in five offenders proceeded against by police in Western Australia had at least one FDV-related offence (19%).
            • There was a 4% decrease in the number of offenders with an FDV-related offence since 2017–18 (down 323 offenders).
            • There were 338 FDV offenders per 100,000 persons.
            • Almost half of FDV offenders had a principal offence of acts intended to cause injury (49%).
            • The majority of FDV offenders were male (82%).
            • The male offender rate was almost five times higher than the female offender rate with:
               
              • 555 male FDV offenders per 100,000 males
              • 121 female FDV offenders per 100,000 females
                 

            Tasmania

            • There were 281 FDV offenders per 100,000 persons in Tasmania. (see footnote 4)
            • The majority of FDV offenders in Tasmania:
               
              • had a principal offence of acts intended to cause injury (65%)
              • were male (80%)
              • were proceeded against once in the year (71%)
                 
            • The male offender rate was more than four times higher than the female offender rate with:
               
              • 456 male FDV offenders per 100,000 males
              • 113 female FDV offenders per 100,000 females
                 
            • There were 1,928 FDV-related police proceedings (see footnote 4).
               

            Northern Territory

            • A quarter of offenders proceeded against by police in the Northern Territory had at least one FDV-related offence (25%).
            • There was a 9% decrease in the number of offenders with an FDV-related offence since 2017–18 (down 274 offenders).
            • There were 1,276 FDV offenders per 100,000 persons.
            • The majority of FDV offenders in the Northern Territory:
               
              • had a principal offence of acts intended to cause injury (72%)
              • were male (83%)
              • were proceeded against once in the year (77%)
                 
            • The male offender rate was more than four times higher than the female offender rate with:
               
              • 2,040 male FDV offenders per 100,000 males
              • 457 female FDV offenders per 100,000 females
                 
            • There were 3,619 FDV-related police proceedings.
               

            Australian Capital Territory

            • More than one in five offenders proceeded against by police in the Australian Capital Territory had at least one FDV-related offence (22%).
            • There was a 6% decrease in the number of offenders with an FDV-related offence since 2017–18 (down 37 offenders).
            • There were 151 FDV offenders per 100,000 persons
            • The majority of FDV offenders in the Australian Capital Territory:
               
              • had a principal offence of acts intended to cause injury (65%)
              • were male (83%)
              • were proceeded against once in the year (89%)
                 
            • The male offender rate was almost five times higher than the female offender rate with:
               
              • 254 male FDV offenders per 100,000 males
              • 52 female FDV offenders per 100,000 females
                 
            • There were 634 FDV-related police proceedings.
               

            ​​​​​​​Breaches of violence and non-violence orders

            Offenders proceeded against by police for an FDV-related breach of violence or non-violence order (see footnote 5) in 2018–19 included:

            • 10,755 in Queensland (see footnote 3)
            • 8,328 in New South Wales
            • 8,092 in Victoria
            • 3,477 in Western Australia
            • 1,388 in the Northern Territory
            • 729 in Tasmania (see footnote 4)
            • 119 in the Australian Capital Territory
               

            The majority of offenders with an FDV-related breach of violence or non-violence order were male ranging from 81% in the Australian Capital Territory to 86% in Victoria and the Northern Territory.

            Footnotes

            1 The FDV data presented is experimental, with further work required to improve the comparability and quality of these data before they can be included in the main suite of the publication. Caution should be exercised when using the data and making comparisons across states and territories. Refer to the Methodology page for more information.

            2 Data available for all states and territories except South Australia (refer to the Methodology page for more information).

            3 Police practices in Queensland regarding FDV-related assault differ from those in other jurisdictions. Users are cautioned not to compare Queensland data by principal offence to other jurisdictions (see the Methodology page).

            4 Tasmanian data are restricted to only court actions against a partner/spouse/husband/wife (including former) or boyfriend/girlfriend (including ex-boyfriend/girlfriend).

            5 A principal offence has not been applied to this count, rather this is a count of all offenders who were proceeded against by police at least once for an offence of breach of violence and non-violence orders (ANZSOC 153) which was flagged as FDV-related by police or identified as being within a specified family or domestic relationship during the reference period. See the Methodology page for other information about the counting units.

            Data downloads

            Offenders, Australia

            Offenders, states and territories

            Youth offenders

            Indigenous status, selected states and territories

            Police proceedings, selected states and territories

            Offenders of family and domestic violence, experimental data, selected states and territories