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Private Hospitals, Australia

Statistics about the operation of private acute and psychiatric hospitals, and free-standing day hospital facilities in Australia

Reference period
2016 - 2017

Private hospitals

This publication presents statistics about the characteristics and activities of the private hospital component of the Australian hospital sector, collected through the ABS' annual Private Health Establishments Collection (PHEC). This sector consists of private acute and psychiatric hospitals, and free-standing day hospital facilities.

Private acute and psychiatric hospitals must be licensed by the relevant state or territory health authority. Private acute hospitals provide medical, surgical or obstetrical services for admitted patients, round-the-clock comprehensive qualified nursing services and other necessary professional services. Most of the patients have acute conditions or temporary ailments. Psychiatric hospitals cater primarily for admitted patients with psychiatric, mental or behavioural disorders.

Free-standing day hospitals provide investigation and treatment for acute conditions on a day-only basis and are approved by the Commonwealth for the purposes of health insurance benefits and include those registered with their respective state health authority.

Information in this release is presented in a number of separate sections covering all private hospitals, private acute and psychiatric hospitals and free-standing day hospitals. The data cover hospital facilities, activities, staffing and finances:

1. Section one - All private hospitals - summary

  • Table 1.1: Private Hospitals, Australia - Selected years
  • Table 1.2: Private Hospitals, States and Territories, Australia - Selected years
  • Table 1.3: Private Hospitals by Type, Australia - Selected years
  • Graph 1: Private Hospitals, Net Operating Margin 2012-13 to 2016-17


2. Section two - Private acute and psychiatric hospitals - summary

  • Table 2.1: Private Acute and Psychiatric Hospitals, Australia - Selected years
  • Graph 1: Acute and Psychiatric Hospitals, Real Income and Expenditure 2012-13 to 2016-17


3. Section three - Private free-standing day hospitals - summary

  • Table 3.1: Private Free-standing Day Hospitals, Australia - Selected years
  • Graph 1: Private Free-standing Day Hospital Facilities, Real Income and Expenditure 2012-13 to 2016-17


Further detailed information is provided in datacubes:

  • Datacube 1, Private Hospitals - Summary Tables contains eight summary tables on private hospitals, including accreditation information, patient characteristics, hospital characteristics and activities, staffing and financial data.
  • Datacube 2, Private Acute and Psychiatric Hospitals - Summary Tables contains 17 tables and provides data including patient characteristics, hospital characteristics activities and facilities, staffing and finances.
  • Datacube 3, Private Day Hospital Facilities - Summary Tables has nine tables with data on hospital type, patient characteristics, hospital characteristics activities and facilities, staffing and finances.
  • Datacube 4, Private Acute and Psychiatric Hospitals - Detailed Tables contains 25 tables and provides data including patient characteristics, hospital characteristics activities and facilities, staffing and financial data.
  • Datacube 5, Private Day Hospital Facilities - Detailed Tables has 15 tables with including data on hospital type, patient characteristics, hospital characteristics activities and facilities, staffing and financial data.
  • Datacube 6, 2015-16 Private Hospitals - Revised contains four tables from the 2015-16 publication with revisions to income for Private Day Hospital Facilities. 
     

Further information and acknowledgements

There are relatively few psychiatric hospitals and some of these are owned by the same parent company. To maintain the confidentiality of data, psychiatric hospitals are combined with acute hospitals in most tables in this publication. Any differences between the data presented in this publication and the data shown in other reports on private hospital activity are due to differences in scope and coverage, relative completeness of the data sources and differing error resolution procedures.

The success of the PHEC is dependent on the very high level of cooperation received from private hospitals operating in Australia. Their continued cooperation is very much appreciated; without it, the range of statistics published by the ABS would not be possible. Information received by the ABS is treated in strict confidence as required by the Census and Statistics Act 1905.

The PHEC was not conducted for the 2007-08 reference period due to ABS budgetary constraints. This represented a break in the time series for the collection.

All private hospitals - summary

Table 1.1: Private hospitals, Australia - selected years

 2006-072011-122012-132013-142014-152015-162016-17
Hospitals (no.)
557
592
601
612
624
630
657
Beds/chairs (no.) (a)
26,678
29,004
29,827
30,920
31,774
33,074
34,339
Separations ('000)
3,051
3,899
4,178
4,344
4,565
4,706
4,889
Patient days ('000)
7,669
8,999
9,385
9,957
10,423
10,694
10,787
Full-time equivalent staff (b)
49,103
57,495
60,387
62,413
64,429
66,800
69,299
Income ('000) (c)
7,539,414
11,227,908
11,802,649
12,731,130
13,894,732
14,684,738r
15,478,787
Expenditure ('000) (d)
6,966,696
10,043,218
10,629,666
11,350,961
12,358,883
13,138,710
13,845,706
Gross capital expenditure ('000) (e)
474,944
492,198
712,879
765,336
908,066
1,185,799
856,502
a. Available beds/chairs/trolleys (average for the year).
b. Staff represented are typical full-time equivalent numbers for the year. Full time equivalent represents the sum of full time staff and the full time equivalent of part time staff. See Glossary for further information.
c. Income includes income from patients, recoveries and other income such as investment income and income from charities, bequests, meals and accommodation but excludes income from payments from state and territory governments. See Glossary for further information. Note that income for 2015-16 has been revised. Additional tables reflecting this update are available in the 2015-16 private hospitals - revised data cube.
d. Expenditure refers to expenditure on goods and services, which does not result in the creation or acquisition of fixed assets (new or second hand). See Glossary for further information.
e. Gross capital expenditure refers to expenditure in a period on the acquisition or enhancement of an asset (including financial assets). See Glossary for further information.
 

Table 1.2: Private hospitals, states and territories - selected years

 NSWVic.QldSAWATas., NT & ACT(b)Australia
 2015-16
Hospitals (no.)
205
169
109
56
62
29
630
Beds/chairs (no.) (b)
9,110
8,629
7,384
np
np
np
33,074
Separations ('000)
1,322
1,201
1,034
np
np
np
4,706
Patient days ('000)
2,980
2,849
2,439
np
1,352
np
10,694
Full-time equivalent staff (no.) (c)
18,030
18,463
14,389
4,502
np
np
66,800
Income ('000) (d)
4,096,913r
3,621,994
3,267,502
936,339
np
np
14,684,738r
Expenditure ('000) (e)
3,669,820
3,251,193
2,944,655
np
1,919,016
np
13,138,710
Gross capital expenditure ('000) (f)
265,594
429,620
291,299
np
np
np
1,185,799
 
2016-17
Hospitals (no.)
210
174
118
56
64
35
657
Beds/chairs (no.) ((b)
9,481
9,179
7,643
2,210
4,455
1,371
34,339
Separations ('000)
1,375
1,236
1,102
344
629
203
4,889
Patient days ('000)
3,008
2,890
2,516
694
1,263
416
10,787
Full-time equivalent staff (no.) (c)
18,414
19,283
15,220
4,566
9,237
2,578
69,299
Income ('000) (d)
4,239,416
3,822,361
3,519,176
np
2,306,661
np
15,478,787
Expenditure ('000) (e)
3,775,388
3,497,053
3,136,058
864,834
2,026,939
545,434
13,845,706
Gross capital expenditure ('000) (f)
234,924
259,733
257,870
np
37,424
np
856,502
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated.
a. Tasmania, Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory have been aggregated to protect the confidentiality of the small number of hospitals in the states/territories.
b. Available beds/chairs/trolleys (average for the year).
c. Staff employed represented are typical full time equivalent numbers for the year. Full time equivalent represents the sum of full time staff and full time equivalent of part time staff. See Glossary for further information.
d. Income includes income from patients, recoveries, and other income such as investment income and income from charities, bequests, meals and accommodation but excludes income from state and territory governments. See Glossary for further information. Note that income for 2015-16 has been revised. Additional tables reflecting this update are available in the 2015-16 private hospitals - revised data cube.
e. Expenditure refers to expenditure on goods and services, which does not result in the creation or acquisition of fixed assets (new or second hand). See Glossary for further information.
f. Gross capital expenditure refers to expenditure in a period on the acquisition or enhancement of an asset (including financial assets). See Glossary for further information.
 

Table 1.3: Private hospitals by type, Australia - selected years

 Acute and psychiatric hospitalsFree-standing day hospital facilitiesAll private hospitals
 2015-16
Hospitals (no.)
289
341
630
Beds/chairs (no.) (a)
29,922
3,152
33,074
Separations ('000)
3,534
1,172
4,706
Patient days ('000)
9,523
1,172
10,694
Full-time equivalent staff (b)
62,151
4,650
66,800
Income ('000) (c)
13,536,662
1,148,076r
14,684,738r
Expenditure ('000)(d)
12,206,220
932,490
13,138,710
Gross capital expenditure ('000) (e)
1,122,907
62,892
1,185,799
 
2016-17
Hospitals (no.)
300
357
657
Beds/chairs (no.) (a)
31,029
3,310
34,339
Separations ('000)
3,669
1,220
4,889
Patient days ('000)
9,568
1,220
10,787
Full-time equivalent staff (b)
64,548
4,751
69,299
Income ('000) (c)
14,265,248
1,213,539
15,478,787
Expenditure ('000) (d)
12,877,771
967,935
13,845,706
Gross capital expenditure ('000) (e)
802,429
54,073
856,502
a. Available beds/chairs/trolleys (average for the year).
b. Staff employed represented are typical full time equivalent numbers for the year. Full time equivalent represents the sum of full time staff and full time equivalent of part time staff. See Glossary for further information.
c. Income includes income from patients, recoveries, and other income such as investment income and income from charities, bequests, meals and accommodation but excludes income from state and territory governments. See Glossary for further information. Note that income for 2015-16 has been revised. Additional tables reflecting this update are available in the 2015-16 private hospitals - revised data cube.
d. Expenditure refers to expenditure on goods and services, which does not result in the creation or acquisition of fixed assets (new or second hand). See Glossary for further information.
e. Gross capital expenditure refers to expenditure in a period on the acquisition or enhancement of an asset (including financial assets). See Glossary for further information.
 

Operating margin

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Private acute and psychiatric hospitals - summary

Table 2.1: Private acute and psychiatric hospitals, Australia - selected years

 2006-072011-122012-132013-142014-152015-162016-17
Hospitals (no.)
289
281
282
286
282
289
300
Beds/Chairs (no.)(a)
24,427
26,031
26,889
27,943
28,679
29,922
31,029
Separations ('000)
2,420
2,965
3,092
3,220
3,405
3,534
3,669
Patient days ('000)       
 Same-day patient (b)
1,323
1,749
1,841
1,939
2,081
2,169
2,273
 Overnight-stay patient
5,714
6,316
6,458
6,894
7,182
7,354
7,294
 Total
7,037
8,066
8,299
8,833
9,263
9,523
9,568
Operating theatres
979
1,051
1,054
1,097
1,151
1,240
1,325
Co-located with a public hospital (no.)
na
41
43
47
47
47
51
Full-time equivalent staff (no.)(c)
46,718
53,850
56,317
58,170
59,923
62,151
64,548
Income (d)
Total ($'000)
7,082,477
10,352,330
10,856,065
11,740,226
12,768,606
13,536,662
14,265,248
Patient income (%)(e)
96.2
95.5
95.7
95.6
95
95.2
95.1
Recurrent expenditure (f)       
 Total ($'000)
6,581,711
9,339,217
9,859,844
10,535,797
11,473,793
12,206,220
12,877,771
 Wages and salaries, including on-costs, as a proportion of total expenditure (%)
51.7
48.6
49.2
49.2
49.9
49.4
49.3
Gross capital expenditure (g)       
 Total ($'000)
439,718
460,859
663,558
718,316
834,292
1,122,907
802,429
na not available
a. Available beds/chairs/trolleys (average for the year).
b. Same day patients are counted as having a stay of one day.
c. Staff represented are typical full time equivalent numbers for the year. Full time equivalent represents the sum of full time staff and full time equivalent of part time staff. See Glossary for further information.
d. Income includes income from patients, recoveries, and other income such as investment income and income from charities, bequests, meals and accommodation but excludes income from state and territory governments. See Glossary for further information.
e. Includes income received by, and due to, the hospital in respect of patient liability for accommodation and other fees. See Glossary for further information
f. Expenditure refers to expenditure on goods and services, which does not result in the creation or acquisition of fixed assets (new or second hand). See Glossary for further information.
g. Gross capital expenditure refers to expenditure in a period on the acquisition or enhancement of an asset (including financial assets). See Glossary for further information.
 

Real income and expenditure

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  1. Laspeyres input cost index was used to derive real income and expenditure. See Methodology page 25 for further information.

Private free-standing day hospitals - summary

Table 3.1: Private free-standing day hospitals, Australia - selected years

 2006-072011-122012-132013-142014-152015-162016-17
Hospitals (no.)(a)       
 Specialist Endoscopy
76
na
na
na
na
na
na
 Gastroentorology
na
81
84
80
82
86
86
 Ophthalmic surgery
57
65
64
74
79
79
81
 Plastic and cosmetic surgery
28
32
34
36
32
30
29
 Gynaecology, Fertility treatment and Family Planning
na
32
32
31
34
33
38
 Other (b)
107
101
105
105
115
113
123
 Total (c)
268
311
319
326
342
341
357
Beds/Chairs (no.)(d)
2,251
2,973
2,938
2,977
3,095
3,152
3,310
Separations ('000)
631
934
1,086
1,124
1,159
1,172
1,220
Operating theatres (no.)( e)
264
321
325
351
374
377
413
Procedure rooms (no)(e)
205
260
260
549
670
773
1,003
Co-located with a public hospital (no.)
na
9
10
10
12
11
12
Full-time equivalent staff (no.)(f)
2,385
3,645
4,070
4,243
4,505
4,650
4,751
Income(g)
Total ($'000)
456,937
875,578
946,584
990,904
1,126,126
1,148,076r
1,213,539
Patient income (%)
96.3
95.7
95
95.7
95.4
94.9r
95.3
Recurrent expenditure (h)       
 Total ($'000)
384,986
704,001
769,822
815,164
885,090
932,490
967,935
 Wages and salaries, including on-costs, as a proportion of total expenditure (%)
40.2
41.3
41.4
41.9
43.1
43.5
43.0
Gross capital expenditure (i)       
 Total ($'000)
35,225
31,339
49,321
47,020
73,774
62,892
54,073
na not available
a. See Methodology page 25 for further information on categories.
b. Including Dental Oral Maxillofacial surgery, Dialysis, Oncology, General surgery, sleep disorders clinic and other types of centre.
c. Figures have been rounded and discrepancies may occur between totals and the sums of the component items.
d. Available beds/chairs/trolleys (average for the year).
e. Details are for the last week of the pay period ending on or before 30 June.
f. Staff represented are typical full time equivalent numbers for the year. Full time equivalent represents the sum of full time staff and full time equivalent of part time staff. See Glossary for further information.
g. Income includes income from patients, recoveries, and other income such as investment income and income from charities, bequests, meals and accommodation but excludes income from state and territory governments. See Glossary for further information. Note that income for 2015-16 has been revised. Additional tables reflecting this update are available in the 2015-16 private hospitals - revised data cube.
h. Expenditure refers to expenditure on goods and services, which does not result in the creation or acquisition of fixed assets (new or second hand). See Glossary for further information.
i. Gross capital expenditure refers to expenditure in a period on the acquisition or enhancement of an asset (including financial assets). See Glossary for further information.
 

Real income and expenditure

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  1.  Laspeyres input cost index was used to derive real income and expenditure. See Explanatory note 25 for further information.
     

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Data downloads

Private hospitals - summary tables

Private acute and psychiatric hospitals - summary tables

Private day hospital facilities - summary tables

Private acute and psychiatric hospitals - detailed tables

Private day hospital facilities - detailed tables

2015-16 Private hospitals - revised