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Latest release

International Trade in Goods and Services, Australia

Provides estimates for 15 months of the major aggregates for, and the balance on international trade in goods and services

Reference period
May 2020
Released
2/07/2020
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Key statistics

  • Goods and services credits fell 4% to $35,742m seasonally adjusted.
  • Goods and services debits fell 6% to $27,717m seasonally adjusted.
  • The balance on goods and services was a surplus of $8,025m seasonally adjusted.

Main features

May key points

Balance on goods and services

  • In seasonally adjusted terms, the balance on goods and services was a surplus of $8,025m in May 2020, an increase of $195m on the surplus in April 2020.
     

Credits (exports of goods and services)

    • In seasonally adjusted terms, goods and services credits fell $1,604m (4%) to $35,742m. Non-rural goods fell $1,080m (4%), rural goods fell $404m (10%) and non-monetary gold fell $219m (12%). Net exports of goods under merchanting remained steady at $45m. Services credits rose $99m (2%).
       

    Debits (imports of goods and services)

    • In seasonally adjusted terms, goods and services debits fell $1,799m (6%) to $27,717m. Consumption goods fell $1,233m (14%), intermediate and other merchandise goods fell $821m (8%) and capital goods fell $412m (7%). Non-monetary gold rose $710m (113%). Services debits fell $43m (1%).
       

    Key figures

     Mar 2020Apr 2020May 2020Apr 20 to May 20
    $m$m$m% change
    BALANCE ON GOODS AND SERVICES    
     Trend estimates
    na
    na
    na
    na
     Seasonally adjusted
    10 439
    7 830
    8 025
    2
    CREDITS (Exports of goods & services)    
     Trend estimates
    na
    na
    na
    na
     Seasonally adjusted
    42 148
    37 346
    35 742
    -4
    DEBITS (Imports of goods & services)    
     Trend estimates
    na
    na
    na
    na
     Seasonally adjusted
    31 708
    29 516
    27 717
    -6
    na not available

     
    Download

    a. Trend series suspended from March 2019
     

    Seasonal adjustment

    International Accounts uses the concurrent seasonal adjustment method, meaning that seasonal factors are re-estimated each time a new data point becomes available. If not appropriately accounted for, unusual events, such as COVID-19, can distort estimates calculated using this method. From March 2020, seasonal factors that have been notably impacted by these events will be calculated using data up to and including February 2020, then projected from March 2020 onwards. This approach, known as the forward factor method, ensures that the seasonal factors are not distorted by COVID-19 impacts.

    The ABS has advised users that it had moved to using forward factors for seasonal analysis of a number of series including International Travel Services. Current ABS (and international practice) requires at least three years of data to assess whether a change in the seasonal pattern has occurred. Should the COVID-19 result in a long-term change to the seasonal pattern then revisions to these series may occur in the future. The ABS will consult with users on any future methods changes to seasonal adjustment and potential revisions. The Feature Article International Travel Services time series outlines the matter in greater detail.

    Suspension of trend estimates

    The trend series attempts to measure underlying behaviour in international trade activity. In the short term, this measurement will be significantly affected by the current COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent changes to regular patterns in international trade that will occur during this time. If the trend estimates in this publication were to be calculated without fully accounting for this unusual event, they would provide a misleading view of underlying international trade activity.

    It may be some time before the underlying trend in international trade activity can be accurately estimated. The trend series has therefore been suspended from March 2019 in the time series and will be reinstated when more certainty emerges in the underlying trend in international trade.

    COVID-19 in May month

    Quality assurance undertaken by the ABS confirmed that the COVID-19 virus did not result in quality impacts to International Trade in Goods and Services statistics for May 2020. For information on the expected economic impacts of COVID-19, please see the ABS Chief Economist Series paper Measuring natural disasters in the Australian economy.

    Analysis and comments

    Balance on goods and services

    In seasonally adjusted terms, the balance on goods and services was a surplus of $8,025m in May 2020, an increase of $195m on the April 2020 surplus.

    Goods and services summary(a), seasonally adjusted

        Change in:
    Mar 2020Apr 2020May 2020May 2020May 2020
    $m$m$m$m%
    Seasonally Adjusted
    BALANCE on goods and services
    10 439
    7 830
    8 025
    195
    2
    CREDITS     
     Total goods and services
    42 148
    37 346
    35 742
    -1 604
    -4
      Total goods
    35 164
    31 318
    29 615
    -1 703
    -5
       Rural goods(b)
    3 982
    4 018
    3 614
    -404
    -10
       Non-rural goods(b)
    27 577
    25 359
    24 279
    -1 080
    -4
       Net exports of goods under merchanting(c)
    31
    45
    45
    -
    -
       Non-monetary gold(c)
    3 574
    1 896
    1 677
    -219
    -12
      Total services
    6 984
    6 028
    6 127
    99
    2
    DEBITS     
     Total goods and services
    -31 708
    -29 516
    -27 717
    -1 799
    -6
      Total goods
    -25 529
    -25 634
    -23 878
    -1 756
    -7
       Consumption goods
    -8 375
    -8 852
    -7 619
    -1 233
    -14
       Capital goods
    -5 894
    -5 975
    -5 563
    -412
    -7
       Intermediate and other merchandise goods
    -10 197
    -10 177
    -9 356
    -821
    -8
       Non-monetary gold(c)
    -1 064
    -630
    -1 340
    710
    113
      Total services
    -6 179
    -3 882
    -3 839
    -43
    -1
    - nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
    a. For details on Sign conventions, see the Methodology page.
    b. For all time periods, estimates for sugar, sugar preparations and honey are included in Non-rural goods.
    c. This component is not seasonally adjusted.
    d. Caution should be used when interpreting recent trend estimates as they may be affected by unusual economic factors. For details on seasonally adjusted and trend estimates, see the Methodology page.

     

    Exports of goods and services

    In seasonally adjusted terms, goods and services credits fell $1,604m (4%) to $35,742m. Non-rural goods fell $1,080m (4%), rural goods fell $404m (10%) and non-monetary gold fell $219m (12%). Net exports of goods under merchanting was steady at $45m. Services credits rose $99m (2%).

    Exports of goods

    Download

    a. Trend series suspended from March 2019
     

    Goods credits, seasonally adjusted

        Change in:
    Mar 2020Apr 2020May 2020May 2020May 2020
    $m$m$m$m%
    Total goods credits
    35 164
    31 318
    29 615
    -1 703
    -5
     General merchandise
    31 559
    29 377
    27 893
    -1 484
    -5
      Rural goods
    3 982
    4 018
    3 614
    -404
    -10
       Meat and meat preparations
    1 403
    1 361
    1 303
    -58
    -4
       Cereal grains and cereal preparations
    500
    603
    419
    -184
    -31
       Wool and sheepskins
    254
    225
    156
    -69
    -31
       Other rural(a)
    1 825
    1 829
    1 736
    -93
    -5
      Non-rural goods
    27 577
    25 359
    24 279
    -1 080
    -4
       Metal ores and minerals(b)
    11 807
    10 913
    10 714
    -199
    -2
       Coal, coke and briquettes(c)
    4 894
    4 783
    4 148
    -635
    -13
       Other mineral fuels(b)(d)
    5 297
    4 784
    4 765
    -19
    -
       Metals (excl. non-monetary gold)
    942
    858
    920
    62
    7
       Machinery
    1 042
    899
    801
    -98
    -11
       Transport equipment
    400
    330
    271
    -59
    -18
       Other manufactures
    2 151
    1 786
    1 697
    -89
    -5
       Other non-rural (incl. sugar and beverages)(a)
    913
    907
    840
    -67
    -7
       Goods procured in ports by carriers(d)
    132
    99
    123
    24
    24
     Net exports of goods under merchanting(e)
    31
    45
    45
    -
    -
     Non-monetary gold(e)
    3 574
    1 896
    1 677
    -219
    -12
    - nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
    a. For all time periods, estimates for sugar, sugar preparations and honey are included in Other non-rural.
    b. From July 2005, this component is seasonally adjusted using seasonal factors derived from a monthly volume series.
    c. From July 1971 to June 2005, only a length-of-month adjustment has been applied to this component. From July 2005, this component is seasonally adjusted using seasonal factors derived from a monthly volume series.
    d. In using these seasonally adjusted series, care should be exercised because of the difficulties associated with reliably estimating the seasonal pattern.
    e. This component is not seasonally adjusted.

     

    Rural goods

    In seasonally adjusted terms, exports of rural goods fell $404m (10%) to $3,614m.

    The main component contributing to the fall in seasonally adjusted estimates was cereal grains and cereal preparations, down $184m (31%).

    Non-rural goods

    In seasonally adjusted terms, exports of non-rural goods fell $1,080m (4%) to $24,279m.

    The main components contributing to the fall in seasonally adjusted estimates were:

    • coal, coke and briquettes, down $635m (13%)
    • metal ores and minerals, down $199m (2%).
       

    For price and volume details, see the Selected commodities section.

    Net exports of goods under merchanting

    In seasonally adjusted terms, net exports of goods under merchanting was steady at $45m.

    Non-monetary gold

    In original and seasonally adjusted terms, exports of non-monetary gold fell $219m (12%) to $1,677m.

    Exports of services

    Download

    a. Trend series suspended from March 2019
     

    Services credits, seasonally adjusted

        Change in:
    Mar 2020Apr 2020May 2020May 2020May 2020
    $m$m$m$m%
    Total services credits
    6 984
    6 028
    6 127
    99
    2
     Manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others(a)
    -
    -
    -
    -
    na
     Maintenance and repair services n.i.e.(a)
    3
    2
    2
    -
    -
     Transport
    528
    345
    335
    -10
    -3
      Passenger(b)
    164
    5
    6
    1
    20
      Freight(c)
    23
    25
    25
    -
    -
      Other
    222
    189
    178
    -11
    -6
      Postal and courier services(d)
    118
    126
    125
    -1
    -1
     Travel
    4 032
    3 283
    3 383
    100
    3
     Other services
    2 422
    2 397
    2 407
    10
    -
    Memorandum item     
     Tourism related services credits(e)
    4 196
    3 289
    3 389
    100
    3
    - nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
    na not available
    a. This component is not seasonally adjusted.
    b. Passenger services includes agency fees and commissions for air transport.
    c. In using these seasonally adjusted series, care should be exercised because of the difficulties associated with reliably estimating the seasonal pattern.
    d. Postal and courier services includes indirect commissions for sea transport.
    e. For details on Tourism related services, see the Methodology page.

     

    In seasonally adjusted terms, services credits rose $99m (2%) to $6,127m.

    In original terms, travel services credits fell $27m (1%).

    In seasonally adjusted terms, tourism related services credits rose $100m (3%) to $3,389m.

    In seasonally adjusted terms, total services credits contributed 17% of total goods and services exported.

    Imports of goods and services

    In seasonally adjusted terms, goods and services debits fell $1,799m (6%) to $27,717m. Consumption goods fell $1,233m (14%), intermediate and other merchandise goods fell $821m (8%) and capital goods fell $412m (7%). Non-monetary gold rose $710m. Services debits fell $43m (1%).

    Imports of goods

    Download

    a. Trend series suspended from March 2019
     

    Goods debits(a), seasonally adjusted

        Change in:
    Mar 2020Apr 2020May 2020May 2020May 2020
    $m$m$m$m%
    Total goods debits
    -25 529
    -25 634
    -23 878
    -1 756
    -7
     General merchandise
    -24 465
    -25 004
    -22 538
    -2 466
    -10
      Consumption goods
    -8 375
    -8 852
    -7 619
    -1 233
    -14
       Food and beverages, mainly for consumption
    -1 498
    -1 591
    -1 447
    -144
    -9
       Household electrical items
    -475
    -501
    -480
    -21
    -4
       Non-industrial transport equipment
    -1 929
    -1 774
    -945
    -829
    -47
       Textiles, clothing and footwear
    -1 357
    -1 616
    -1 560
    -56
    -3
       Toys, books and leisure goods
    -506
    -505
    -494
    -11
    -2
       Consumption goods n.e.s.
    -2 609
    -2 866
    -2 693
    -173
    -6
      Capital goods
    -5 894
    -5 975
    -5 563
    -412
    -7
       Machinery and industrial equipment
    -1 859
    -1 887
    -1 875
    -12
    -1
       ADP equipment
    -971
    -1 386
    -1 311
    -75
    -5
       Telecommunications equipment
    -1 204
    -1 176
    -1 182
    6
    1
       Civil aircraft and confidentialised items(b)(c)
    -338
    -310
    -124
    -186
    -60
       Industrial transport equipment n.e.s.
    -735
    -688
    -525
    -163
    -24
       Capital goods n.e.s.(d)
    -786
    -528
    -546
    18
    3
      Intermediate and other merchandise goods
    -10 197
    -10 177
    -9 356
    -821
    -8
       Food and beverages, mainly for industry
    -215
    -185
    -192
    7
    4
       Primary industrial supplies n.e.s.(d)
    -162
    -161
    -170
    9
    6
       Fuels and lubricants(c)
    -2 469
    -1 901
    -1 484
    -417
    -22
       Parts for transport equipment
    -1 096
    -1 086
    -952
    -134
    -12
       Parts for ADP equipment
    -55
    -58
    -99
    41
    71
       Other parts for capital goods
    -1 547
    -1 585
    -1 565
    -20
    -1
       Organic and inorganic chemicals
    -331
    -411
    -375
    -36
    -9
       Paper and paperboard
    -207
    -216
    -217
    1
    -
       Textile yarn and fabrics
    -126
    -125
    -105
    -20
    -16
       Iron and steel
    -267
    -252
    -267
    15
    6
       Plastics
    -431
    -418
    -390
    -28
    -7
       Processed industrial supplies n.e.s.
    -3 134
    -3 616
    -3 400
    -216
    -6
       Other merchandise goods(b)(e)
    -28
    -39
    -17
    -22
    -56
       Goods procured in ports by carriers(c)
    -129
    -123
    -123
    -
    -
     Non-monetary gold(c)
    -1 064
    -630
    -1 340
    710
    113
    - nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
    a. For details on Sign conventions, see Methodology page.
    b. From July 2008, commodities subject to a 'no commodity details' or 'no value details' restriction are included in Civil aircraft and confidentialised items. For earlier periods, commodities subject to a 'no commodity details' or 'no value details' restriction are included in Other merchandise goods.
    c. This component is not seasonally adjusted.
    d. In using these seasonally adjusted series, care should be exercised because of the difficulties associated with reliably estimating the seasonal pattern.
    e. From July 1981, this component is not seasonally adjusted.

     

    Consumption goods

    In seasonally adjusted terms, imports of consumption goods fell $1,233m (14%) to $7,619m.

    The main components contributing to the fall in seasonally adjusted estimates were:

    • non-industrial transport equipment, down $829m (47%)
    • consumption goods n.e.s., down $173m (6%)
    • food and beverages, mainly for consumption, down $144m (9%).
       

    Capital goods

      In seasonally adjusted terms, imports of capital goods fell $412m (7%) to $5,563m.

      The main components contributing to the fall in seasonally adjusted estimates were:

      • civil aircraft and other confidentialised items, down $186m (60%)
      • industrial transport equipment n.e.s., down $163m (24%).
         

      Intermediate and other merchandise goods

        In seasonally adjusted terms, imports of intermediate and other merchandise goods fell $821m (8%) to $9,356m.

        The main components contributing to the fall in seasonally adjusted estimates were:

        • fuels and lubricants, down $417m (22%)
        • processed industrial supplies n.e.s., down $216m (6%)
        • parts for transport equipment, down $134m (12%).
           

        Non-monetary gold

        In original and seasonally adjusted terms, imports of non-monetary gold rose $710m to $1,340m.

        Imports of services

        Download

        a. Trend series suspended from March 2019
         

        Services debits(a), seasonally adjusted

            Change in:
        Mar 2020Apr 2020May 2020May 2020May 2020
        $m$m$m$m%
        Total services debits
        -6 179
        -3 882
        -3 839
        -43
        -1
         Manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others(b)
        -
        -
        -
        -
        -
         Maintenance and repair services n.i.e.(b)
        -70
        -25
        -29
        4
        16
         Transport
        -1 165
        -1 037
        -977
        -60
        -6
          Passenger(c)
        -247
        -7
        -7
        -
        -
          Freight
        -871
        -1 003
        -943
        -60
        -6
          Other(b)
        -40
        -19
        -19
        -
        -
          Postal and courier services(d)(e)
        -7
        -8
        -8
        -
        -
         Travel
        -2 151
        -41
        -38
        -3
        -7
         Other services
        -2 794
        -2 779
        -2 795
        16
        1
        Memorandum item     
         Tourism related services debits(f)
        -2 398
        -48
        -45
        -3
        -6
        - nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
        a. For details on Sign conventions, see the Methodology page.
        b. This component is not seasonally adjusted.
        c. Passenger services includes agency fees and commissions for air transport.
        d. Postal and courier services includes indirect commissions for sea transport.
        e. In using these seasonally adjusted series, care should be exercised because of the difficulties associated with reliably estimating the seasonal pattern.
        f. For details on Tourism related services, see the Methodology page.

         

        In seasonally adjusted terms, services debits fell $43m (1%) to $3,839m.

        The main component contributing to the fall in seasonally adjusted estimates was transport, down $60m (6%),

        In seasonally adjusted terms, tourism related services debits fell $3m (6%) to $45m.

        In seasonally adjusted terms, total services debits contributed 14% of total goods and services imported.

        Selected commodities

        Selected commodities, quantity and unit value analysis - international merchandise trade basis(a) - original terms

         Change in:
        Dec 2019Jan 2020Feb 2020Mar 2020Apr 2020May 2020
        %%%%%%
        Iron ore
        Lump      
         Quantity
        -1
        -11
        -14
        28
        -1
        1
         Unit value
        4
        2
        1
        10
        -5
        -
        Fines      
         Quantity
        13
        -19
        -9
        29
        -1
        2
         Unit value
        1
        2
        -2
        8
        -5
        6
        Coal
        Hard coking      
         Quantity
        8
        -8
        -8
        -8
        4
        4
         Unit value
        -8
        -
        p6
        p16
        p8
        p-5
        Semi-soft      
         Quantity
        8
        -12
        -2
        19
        -16
        -13
         Unit value
        -5
        -3
        4
        11
        p1
        p-9
        Thermal      
         Quantity
        33
        -13
        -14
        16
        -11
        -3
         Unit value
        -3
        -
        5
        9
        -5
        -10
        Gas
        LNG      
         Quantity
        8
        3
        -16
        11
        3
        -9
         Unit value
        -3
        0
        6
        3
        -12
        2
        - nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
        p preliminary figure or series subject to revision
        a. Data in this table are on a revised international merchandise trade basis and exclude value adjustments applied to balance of payments series.

         

        International merchandise trade exports data presented in the above table are based on information reported by exporters to the Department of Home Affairs (Home Affairs). For commodities such as iron ore and coal, newly negotiated contract prices are not fully reflected in data first reported to Home Affairs. Final quantity and/or unit price information is updated progressively in international merchandise trade data as exporters revise the information provided to Home Affairs. When additional information for these commodities is available, the ABS may adjust the data to reflect actual transaction values.

        Unit values in this publication are presented in Australian dollar terms. Movements in the unit values for some commodities incorporate movements in the United States dollar prices reported to Home Affairs and movements in the Australian dollar to United States dollar exchange rate.

        On an international merchandise trade basis, in original terms (noting the footnote in the above table), between April 2020 to May 2020 the largest movements recorded for the following selected commodities were:

        Iron ore lump, up $24m (1%), with quantities up 1%. Exports to:

        • China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) rose $103m (5%), with quantities up 6%
        • the Republic of Korea fell $42m (35%), with quantities down 37% and unit values up 2%
        • Taiwan fell $34m (29%), with quantities down 27% and unit values down 3%.
           

        Iron ore fines, up $541m (9%), with quantities up 2% and unit values up 6%. Exports to:

        • China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) rose $477m (9%), with quantities up 2% and unit values up 7%
        • Hong Kong rose $92m, with unit values up 9%
        • the Republic of Korea fell $81m (20%), with quantities down 26% and unit values up 8%.
           

        Hard coking coal, down $38m (2%), with quantities up 4% and unit values down 5%. Exports to:

        • Netherlands fell $247m (100%), with no exports in May 2020
        • India fell $111m (23%), with quantities down 21% and unit values down 2%
        • Vietnam fell $108m (82%), with quantities down 85% and unit values up 23%
        • China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) rose $827m, with unit values down 6%.
           

        Semi-soft coal, down $151m (21%), with quantities down 13% and unit values down 9%. Exports to:

        • Japan fell $99m (38%), with quantities down 34% and unit values down 6%
        • the Republic of Korea fell $73m (46%), with quantities down 44% and unit values down 4%
        • India rose $32m (49%), with quantities up 56% and unit values down 5%.
           

        Thermal coal, down $202m (12%), with quantities down 3% and unit values down 10%. Exports to:

        • China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) fell $95m (25%), with quantities down 8% and unit values down 19%
        • Taiwan fell $45m (20%), with quantities down 9% and unit values down 12%
        • the Republic of Korea rose $38m (20%), with quantities up 25% and unit values down 4%.
           

        Liquefied natural gas (LNG), down $288m (7%), with quantities down 9% and unit values up 2%.

        Revisions

        Revisions have been made to incorporate the latest data relating to international trade in goods and services since the last issue of this publication.

        On an international merchandise trade basis, exports and imports of goods have been revised back to November 2019.

        On a balance of payments basis, revisions have been applied to:

        • goods credits back to October 2019
        • goods debits back to October 2019
        • services credits back to July 2019
        • services debits back to July 2019.
           

        In original terms the revisions have decreased the surplus on goods and services for the ten months to April 2020 by $1,647m.

        Related releases

        New COVID-19 publication

        In response to the global COVID-19 crisis the ABS has released a new publication, International Merchandise Trade, Preliminary, Australia (cat. no. 5368.0.55.024). This release provides preliminary estimates for Australian international merchandise (goods) trade on a monthly basis to help measure the economic impact of COVID-19. These estimates are compiled from administrative data (customs records) sourced from the Department of Home Affairs and are subject to revision. This publication will run monthly until further notice. The final May monthly estimates will be published in International Trade in Goods and Services, Australia (cat. no. 5368.0). For more information on the range of additional products released by the ABS to help assess the impact of COVID-19 please see the COVID-19: Additional products to measure the impact page.

        Value adjustments

        International merchandise trade exports data presented in this publication are based on information reported by exporters to the Department of Home Affairs (Home Affairs). At the time of initial reporting to Home Affairs, the final prices at which transactions take place are not known for some commodities. Final quantity and/or unit price information is updated progressively in international merchandise trade data as exporters revise the information provided to Home Affairs.

        For commodities such as iron ore and coal, newly negotiated contract prices are not fully reflected in data first reported to Home Affairs. When additional information on quantity and/or unit price for these commodities is available, the ABS may adjust the data to reflect actual transaction values.

        Iron ore adjustments are applied on an international merchandise trade basis at the Australian Harmonized Export Commodity Classification (AHECC) level. Coal, coke and briquettes are adjusted on a balance of payments basis in current price, original terms. When actual final transaction prices become available estimates are replaced with these data.

        In most instances, transfer of ownership occurs when goods cross the customs frontier. In certain circumstances the ownership of large value capital expenditure items can occur prior to the items crossing the customs frontier. The ABS may adjust the relevant balance of payments series to record the timing when transfer of ownership was affected.

        Goods credits on an international merchandise trade basis

        Iron ore (in original terms)

        • on a merchandise trade basis, adjustments have been applied to iron ore lump in November (-$10m), December (-$10m) 2019, January (+$5m), February (+$5m), March (-$15m), April (-$25m) and May (+$30m) 2020 respectively. Adjustments have been applied to iron ore fines in November (+$15m), December (+$10m) 2019, January (+$15m), February (-$15m), March (+$70m), April (-$5m) and May (+$130m) 2020 respectively. When actual final transaction prices become available estimates are replaced with these data. For price and volume details, see the Selected commodities section.
           

        Goods credits on a balance of payments basis

          Coal (in original terms)

          • on a balance of payments basis, adjustments have been applied to the coal, coke and briquettes component in March (-$15m), April (-$220m) and May (-$195m) 2020 respectively. These adjustments take into account additional information on the unit value of hard coking, semi-soft and thermal coal exports. All previous adjustments have been removed.
            • In the international merchandise trade series, the unit value of coal, coke and briquettes rose 4.1% between March 2020 and April 2020 and fell 6.2% between April 2020 and May 2020.
            • In the balance of payments series, the unit value of coal, coke and briquettes fell 0.5% between March 2020 and April 2020 and fell 6.0% between April 2020 and May 2020.
               

            Goods debits on a balance of payments basis

            Capital expenditure (in original terms)

            • capital goods n.e.s. includes an estimate of expenditure on capital goods that have changed ownership but have not yet crossed the customs frontier.

            Data downloads - time series spreadsheets

            All time series spreadsheets

            Table 1. Goods and services, summary - seasonally adjusted and trend estimates, current prices

            Table 2. Goods and services, summary - original, current prices

            Table 3. Goods credits, original, current prices

            Table 4. Goods debits, original, current prices

            Table 5. Goods credits, seasonally adjusted, current prices

            Table 6. Goods debits, seasonally adjusted, current prices

            Table 7. Goods credits, trend estimates, current prices

            Table 8. Goods debits, trend estimates, current prices

            Table 9. Services, summary - original, current prices

            Table 10. Services, summary - seasonally adjusted and trend estimates, current prices

            Table 11a. Services credits, original, current prices - quarterly

            Table 11b. Services debits, original, current prices - quarterly

            Table 12a. Merchandise exports, standard international trade classification (1 and 2 digit), FOB value

            Table 12b. Merchandise exports, standard international trade classification (3 digit), FOB value

            Table 13a. Merchandise imports, standard international trade classification (1 and 2 digit), customs value

            Table 13b. Merchandise imports, standard international trade classification (3 digit), customs value

            Table 14a. Merchandise exports, country and country groups, FOB value

            Table 14b. Merchandise imports, country and country groups, customs value

            Table 15a. Merchandise exports, state and Australia, FOB value

            Table 15b. Merchandise imports, state and Australia, customs value

            Table 16. Period average exchange rates, units of foreign currency per Australian dollar

            Table 17. Summary of revisions, goods and services

            Table 31. Merchandise exports, broad economic category, FOB value

            Table 32a. Merchandise exports, industry (ANZSIC 2006), FOB value

            Table 32b. Merchandise exports, industry (ANZSIC 1993), FOB value

            Table 33. Merchandise imports, broad economic category, customs value

            Table 34. Merchandise imports, balance of payments broad economic category, customs value

            Table 35a. Merchandise imports, industry (ANZSIC 2006), customs value

            Table 35b. Merchandise imports, industry (ANZSIC 1993), customs value

            Table 36a. Merchandise exports, state of origin New South Wales, by country and country groups, FOB value

            Table 36b. Merchandise exports, state of origin Victoria, by country and country groups, FOB value

            Table 36c. Merchandise exports, state of origin Queensland, by country and country groups, FOB value

            Table 36d. Merchandise exports, state of origin South Australia, by country and country groups, FOB value

            Table 36e. Merchandise exports, state of origin Western Australia, by country and country groups, FOB value

            Table 36f. Merchandise exports, state of origin Tasmania, by country and country groups, FOB value

            Table 36g. Merchandise exports, state of origin Northern Territory, by country and country groups, FOB value

            Table 36h. Merchandise exports, state of origin Australian Capital Territory, by country and country groups, FOB value

            Table 36i. Merchandise exports, state of origin not available, by country and country groups, FOB value

            Table 36j. Merchandise exports, re-exports, by country and country groups, FOB value

            Table 37a. Merchandise imports, state of destination New South Wales, by country and country groups, customs value

            Table 37b. Merchandise imports, state of destination Victoria, by country and country groups, customs value

            Table 37c. Merchandise imports, state of destination Queensland, by country and country groups, customs value

            Table 37d. Merchandise imports, state of destination South Australia, by country and country groups, customs value

            Table 37e. Merchandise imports, state of destination Western Australia, by country and country groups, customs value

            Table 37f. Merchandise imports, state of destination Tasmania, by country and country groups, customs value

            Table 37g. Merchandise imports, state of destination Northern Territory, by country and country groups, customs value

            Table 37h. Merchandise imports, state of destination Australian Capital Territory, by country and country groups, customs value

            Table 37i. Merchandise imports, state of destination not available, by country and country groups, customs value

            Table 91. Monthly combined seasonal adjustment factors

            Data downloads - data cubes

            Table 18. Balance of payments broad economic categories (detailed level), by country, latest 7 months, customs value, ($million)

            Table 19. Balance of payments broad economic categories (1 and 2 digit), by country, latest 7 months, customs value, ($million)